8th grade Daily Spark Vocabulary Words

Daily Spark Quiz Thursday Jan. 9 on weeks 11 - 13 below (14 words)

Week 11

1. dulcet        adj.

Def:  Having a soothing, pleasant, or melodious sound

List 3 dulcet sounds: 1) birds chirping

                        2)

                        3)

2. augment      vb.

Def:  to enhance, to enlarge

Synonyms:  supp _ _ _ _ nt,    in _ re _ _ _

Sentence:  Bill augmented his baseball card collection with three new Twins’ cards.

 

3. paltry       adj.

Def:  measly, trivial, a small amount

Sentence:

 

4. judicious        adj.

Def:  wise, showing good judgment

Synonyms:  shr _ _ _ ,      pr _ d _ _ t

Write two or three sentences about a judicious decision you made.

 

5. perfunctory  adj.

Def:  dutiful, lacking enthusiasm

List 2 jobs, tasks, chores, or assignments you perform in a perfunctory manner:  1) washing dishes

                         2)

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Daily Spark   Week 12     

                        

6. winsome      adj.

Def:  charming

Antonyms:  rev_ _ t _ _ _ , obn _ _ _ _ _ s

 

7. homogeneous    adj

Def: of the same kind or type

Synonyms:  uni _ _ _ ,   id _ _ _ i _ _ _   

 

8. omnivorous   adj.

Def:  having a diet of both plants and animals

Name 2 omnivorous animals

 

9. latent      adj.

Def: hidden, yet to be discovered

Sentence:  

 

10. quixotic      adj.

Def:  idealistic

Sentence:  Steve’s quixotic pursuit of an Olympic gold medal required ten hours a day of hard training.

 

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Daily Spark     Week 13     

 

11. charlatan      n.

Def: a fraud, an imposter

List 2 charlatans you’ve seen on tv or read about in books.

 

12. tangible    adj.

Def:  able to be touched, concrete

From Latin tang/tact meaning touch

List 3 tangible rewards for a good report card:

  1) DQ Blizzard

  2)

  3)

 

13. stagnant    adj.

Def:  not moving or flowing, inactive

Sentence:

 

14. burgeon     vb.

Def: to bloom, to grow, to do well

Sentence:  After three weeks of fertilizing, my plant started to burgeon.

 

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 Daily Spark Test Tuesday Nov. 19 on Weeks 6 - 9 below (18 words)

Daily Spark               Week 6       

 

1. acquiesce     vb.

Def:  to comply, to give in

Synonyms: agr_ _  ,        su _ _ it

List 2 things you’ve acquiesced to in the last few months.

 

2. partisan      adj.

Def:  biased, showing favoritism

Antonyms: neu _ r _ _ ,     imp_ _ t _ _ l

Explain partisan politics in a sentence or two.

 

3. candid     adj.

Def:  open, honest, frank

List 2 situations in which being candid could be good, and then list 2 situations in which being candid could be bad.

 

4. parochial   )   adj.

Def: narrow-minded, relating to a church or parish

Sentence: After years of living a sophisticated, liberal life in New York City, Bill found his parents’ new, small town, rural living to be unbearably parochial.

 

5. rhetoric   n.

Def:  speech, speech or language that is inflated or embellished

Synonyms: or_ t _ _ y,   prop _ _ _ _ _a

Sentence:

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Daily Spark         Week 7         

 

6. taciturn   adj.

Def:  silent, quiet, introverted

List 2 taciturn people you know.  First names only.

 

7. irrefutable     adj.

Def: undeniable, having no argument against

List 3 irrefutable facts. 

   

8. cajole   vb.

Def:  coax, wheedle, nag

List 3 things you’ve cajoled your parents for in the last year.

 

9. iconoclast       n.

Def:  one who challenges the norm or standard

Sentence: Bill, ever the iconoclast, wore jeans and tennis shoes to his high school prom.

List 2 famous iconoclasts.

 

10. disseminate   vb.

Def:  to spread

Synonyms: broad_ _ _ _, dis _ _ _ b_ _ _, sca _ _ er

Daily Spark          Week 8           Oct. 15 - 16

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Week 8

11. aloof    adj.

Def: haughty, standoffish, reserved

Sentence:

 

12. innate     adj.

Def:  inborn, acquired, naturally

Antonyms: lea _ n _ _,      reh _ _ r _ _ d

Sentence:  My snowboarding skills are a combination of innate ability and dedicated training.

 

 

13. placate  vb.

Def:  to calm, to appease

Synonyms: soo _ _ _,    pac _ _ y

In an attempt to placate my parents, I promised to finish my homework before I went to the movie with my friends.

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Daily Spark          Week 9         

 

14. fallacy   n.

Def:  false idea, mistaken belief, myth

List 2 common fallacies:

1.       You’ll catch a cold if you go outside with wet hair in the winter.

    2.

15. magnanimous       adj.

Def:  noble, generous

Sentence:  In a magnanimous gesture, Bill Gates donated five million dollars to local high schools. 

Name 2 magnanimous people.

 

16. expedite      vb.

Def:  to make faster, to make easier, to speed up 

Sentence:  To expedite the boarding process, please have your tickets ready.

 

17. salubrious     vb.

Def:  healthy, wholesome, beneficial to one’s health

List 2 salubrious actions.

1.       eat a hearty breakfast

   

  

18. elucidate    vb.

Def:  to make clear, to make lucid

Synonyms:  expl_ _ n  ,   cl _ _ _ f _ 

Draw a picture of Mr. T. trying to elucidate a difficult math problem for his students.

 

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Daily Spark Test on weeks 1 - 5  below (21 words) Friday Oct. 11

Daily Spark         Week 1         

 

1. evanescent      adj.

Def:  fleeting, momentary, short-lived

Sentence:  The evanescent mist over the city disappears each day after the sun rises.

 

2. negligible        adj.

Def:  of little importance, hardly noticeable

Synonyms:   in _ _ g _ _ fi _ an_,    t _ _ y

 

 

3. capitulate   vb.

Def:  to give up, to surrender

Sentence:

 

 

4. incessant   adj.

Def:  without end, persistent

Synonyms:  non _ _ _ p,  con_ _ _ _ _ _ s

 

 

5. utopia   n.

Def:  an ideal place, paradise

 

Write 3 to 5 sentences describing your own utopia.

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Daily Spark       Week 2     

 

6. lethargy  (                         ) n.

Def:  laziness, tiredness

List 2 times when you’ve experienced lethargy.

     1.

     2.

 

7. fluctuate (                        ) vb.

Def: to change, to ebb and flow, to rise and fall

Sentence:  The temperature in Minnesota fluctuates a great deal; it ranges from 90 degrees above zero in the summer, to minus 30 degrees in the winter.

 

8. capricious   (                       ) adj.

Def:  variable, unpredictable, changeable

Synonyms:  er _ _ t _ _,    wh _ m _ _ _ al

The capricious actress demanded a bowl of green lollipops in her dressing room, decided she didn’t want them, and then threw the bowl against the wall.

 

9. venerate (                         )   vb.

Def:  to revere, to honor

Sentence:

 

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Daily Spark      Week 3        

10. enigma    (                 )  n.

Def:  a puzzle, a mystery

Sentence:  Baffled by the enigma of the missing socks Andy decided to call in the experts: Mom and Dad.

 

11. pompous   (                  )   adj.

Def:  arrogant

Antonyms:  mo _ es _,    unas _ um _ _ _

Describe in 2 to 3 sentences how a pompous person might act.

 

12. zenith    (                     )   n.

Def:  highest point, pinnacle

Synonyms: sum _ _ _,    a _ _ x

Describe the view from the zenith of a mountain. What would you see, hear, and smell?

 

13. clandestine(                           )  adj.

Def:  secret

Sentence: The government agent trained for years before he began his clandestine activities overseas.  List two clandestine activities this agent might be doing in his job.

 

14. fortuitous    (                         )    adj.

Def: accidental, by chance, lucky

Sentence:  On her way to the gym, Jill made a fortuitous discovery:  a hundred dollar bill lying on the sidewalk.  List 2 fortuitous events that you’ve experienced.  

 

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Daily Spark      Week 4     

  

15. propensity  (                   )  n.

Def: preference, predisposition

Synonyms: incl _ n_ _ _ _ n,     tend _ _ _ _

Sentence:

 

16. sporadic  (                    )  adj.

Def:  infrequent, intermittent, inconsistent

List two things you can do sporadically.

 

17. pragmatic  (                   )  adj.

Def: practical, sensible, realistic

Sentence: Mrs. Matsumoto, always pragmatic, didn’t panic when the projector screen fell off the wall; she just stepped back and said, “Ouch!”

Name 2 things you’ve seen me do that demonstrate I’m a pragmatic person.

 

18. sycophant  (                         ) n.

Def:  one who flatters

Sentence: Bill is such a sycophant. As student council president, all he does is kiss up to the principal and praise all of her decisions.  

List 2 things a sycophant might say to Mrs. Matsumoto

 

19. efface  (               )  vb.

Def: to wipe out, to destroy, to wear away

Sentence:

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Daily Spark       Week 5     

 

 

 

20. spurious           (                             )   adj.

Def:  fake, false

List 2 antonyms.

Sentence: Sue tried to defend herself against the spurious claim that she had cheated on her math test.

 

 

21. benevolent (                            )     adj.

Def:  showing compassion, generous, caring

Sentence:

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