8th grade Daily Spark Vocabulary Words

 

Spark Word Test on Friday April 12.   Weeks 21- 25 below  (22 words)

 

March Daily Spark       Week 21      

 

1. temerity     n.

Def:  audacity, recklessness

Synonyms: Select and write just the synonyms.

     bold       rash       timid        coy

 

2. hackneyed        adj.

Def:  overused, trite

Write 2 hackneyed phrases or sentences that you hear people overuse.

 

 

3. voluminous      adj.

Def:  having large volume or size

List 2 voluminous books.

 

 

4. lope    vb.

Def: to move with a steady gait

Sentence:

 

Daily Spark         Week 22    

5. undulate   vb.

Def: to move in a wavelike motion

Sentence:  The Atlantic Ocean’s waves undulated across many miles.

 

 

6. supercilious    adj.

Def:  prideful, arrogant, haughty

Antonyms:    hum _ _ _       m _ _ k

 

 

7. infamy    n.

Def:  notoriety, evil reputation

Sentence:

 

8. esoteric  adj.

Def:  understood only by a certain few, obscure

Sentence:  The professor’s esoteric remarks on the meaning of life left his students confused.

 

 

9. imminent  adj.

Def:  about to happen

List 3 imminent events in your life.

 

Daily Spark     Week 23     

 

10. clemency    n.

Def:  mercy

Synonyms:    len _ _ _ cy      com _ _ _ _ ion

 

11. amicable    adj.

Def: agreeable, polite, cordial

Sentence:

 

 

12. anachronism    n.

Def:  something incorrectly present in a time period

Sentence:  The author included an interesting anachronism in his novel:  hanging above the fireplace in the knight’s castle was a flat screen television.

 

 

13. prodigal     adj.

Def:  spending wildly or in excess

Synonyms:  ext _ _ _ _ g _ _ _          was _ _ f _ _

 

 

14. vindicate   vb.

Def:  to clear from guilt, to prove right or correct

Sentence:

 

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Daily Spark         Week 24     

 

15. formidable  adj.

Def:  causing fear or respect, difficult

Sentence:  With her surprising strength and her mastery of karate, Lizzy made a formidable opponent.

 

16. meander  vb.

Def: to follow a winding course, to wander

Synonyms:    ra _ _ _ e       r _ v _

 

 

17. dubious   adj.

Def:  causing doubt, questionable, unsure

Antonyms:  cer _ _ _ _        s _ _ e

 

18. prescient adj.

Def: having knowledge of the future

Sentence:  The fortuneteller at the carnival was either prescient or extremely lucky when she predicted that I would win the lottery; I just sent her a check for $1,000 from my winnings.

 

19. debacle    n.

Def:  disaster, calamity

Synonyms:   tra _ _ d _      fia _ _ o

 

 

Daily Spark             Week 25       

 

20. gesticulate    vb.

Def:  to gesture

Sentence:  I couldn’t hear the couple across the street, but it was clear from their angry gesticulations that they were having an argument.

 

21. vestige    n.

Def:  remains or trace of something

Sentence:  Josh held on to a few vestiges of his relationship with Susan, including a dried rose and a faded photograph.

 

 

22. ogle   vb.

Def:  to stare, or to stare flirtatiously

 

 

 

 

Spark word test on Weeks 14-16 below (13 words) on Friday Feb. 8

Daily Spark       Week 14   

 

1. deprecate     vb.

Def:  to disapprove, to denounce

List 3 behaviors that are deprecated in the classroom.

 

2. morose   adj.

Def:  gloomy, down in the dups, depressed

Antonyms:  ela_ _ _         es_ _ t _ _        ju _ _ lan _

 

3. arduous   adj.

Def: difficult, strenuous

Synonyns:  gru _ _ ing           la _ _ rio _ _

List 2 arduous tasks you’ve done in the last year.

   1) snow shoveling

   2)

 

4. astute  adj.

Def: perceptive, shrewd

Name two characteristics of an astute person

    1) observant

    2)

 

 

5. superficial   adj.

Def: shallow, external

Describe a superficial person in three sentences

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Daily Spark      Week 15      

6. nonchalant   adj.

Def:  casual, careless, informal

Greg’s casual dress (shorts, Hawaiian shirt, and flip-flops) perfectly matches his nonchalant attitude.

 

7. catharsis     n.

Def: a cleansing or purging experience

Sentence:  Laughter is a wonderful catharsis for life’s little problems.

 

8. prodigious   adj.

Def: extraordinary, remarkable

Sentence:

 

9. nullify    vb.

Def:  to cancel, to undo

The election results were nullified when it was discovered that many voting machines were working improperly.

 

10. zealot     n.

Def:  fanatic

Sentence:  The crazed zealot paraded through the streets waving a sign that read “The End is Near!”

 

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Daily Spark        Week 16      

 

11. ostensible     adj.

Def: apparent, seeming

Synonyms:  supp _ _ _ _      per_ _ _ _ _

 

12. hyperbole   n.

Def:  exaggeration, overstatement

Write a sentence about the school cafeteria using hyperbole.

 

13. requisite   n.

Def:  requirement, necessity

List 3 requisites for getting an A in lang. arts

 

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Spark Word Quiz Monday Dec. 10 on weeks 11- 13 below (words 1-14)

 

Daily Spark   Week 11     

1. dulcet      adj.

Def:  Having a soothing, pleasant, or melodious sound

List 3 dulcet sounds: 1) birds chirping

                        2)

                        3)

2. augment      vb.

Def:  to enhance, to enlarge

Synonyms:  supp _ _ _ _ nt,    in _ re _ _ _

Sentence:  Bill augmented his baseball card collection with three new Twins’ cards.

 

 

3. paltry        adj.

Def:  measly, trivial, a small amount

Sentence:

 

4. judicious        adj.

Def:  wise, showing good judgment

Synonyms:  shr _ _ _ ,      pr _ d _ _ t

Write two or three sentences about a judicious decision you made.

 

5. perfunctory  adj.

Def:  dutiful, lacking enthusiasm

List 2 jobs, tasks, chores, or assignments you perform in a perfunctory manner:  1) washing dishes

                         2)

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Daily Spark   Week 12     

                        

6. winsome     adj.

Def:  charming

Antonyms:  rev_ _ t _ _ _ , obn _ _ _ _ _ s

 

 

7. homogeneous    adj

Def: of the same kind or type

Synonyms:  uni _ _ _ ,   id _ _ _ i _ _ _   

 

 

8. omnivorous    adj.

Def:  having a diet of both plants and animals

Name 2 omnivorous animals

 

 

 

9. latent      adj.

Def: hidden, yet to be discovered

Sentence:  

 

10. quixotic      adj.

Def:  idealistic

Sentence:  Steve’s quixotic pursuit of an Olympic gold medal required ten hours a day of hard training.

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Daily Spark     Week 13     

 

11. charlatan       n.

Def: a fraud, an imposter

List 2 charlatans you’ve seen on tv or read about in books.

 

12. tangible    adj.

Def:  able to be touched, concrete

From Latin tang/tact meaning touch

List 3 tangible rewards for a good report card:

  1) DQ Blizzard

  2)

  3)

 

13. stagnant    adj.

Def:  not moving or flowing, inactive

Sentence:

 

14. burgeon     vb.

Def: to bloom, to grow, to do well

 

Sentence:  After three weeks of fertilizing, my plant started to burgeon.

 

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 Daily Spark  November Quiz on Weeks 6, 7, 8,  and 9 below on Monday November 12

Daily Spark               Week 6       

 

1. acquiesce     vb.

Def:  to comply, to give in

Synonyms: agr_ _  ,        su _ _ it

List 2 things you’ve acquiesced to in the last few months.

 

2. partisan     adj.

Def:  biased, showing favoritism

Antonyms: neu _ r _ _ ,     imp_ _ t _ _ l

Explain partisan politics in a sentence or two.

 

3. candid     adj.

Def:  open, honest, frank

List 2 situations in which being candid could be good, and then list 2 situations in which being candid could be bad.

 

4. parochial      adj.

Def: narrow-minded, relating to a church or parish

Sentence: After years of living a sophisticated, liberal life in New York City, Bill found his parents’ new, small town, rural living to be unbearably parochial.

 

5. rhetoric   n.

Def:  speech, speech or language that is inflated or embellished

Synonyms: or_ t _ _ y,   prop _ _ _ _ _a

Sentence:

Daily Spark         Week 7          Oct. 8 - 12

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Daily Spark                      Week 7               

6. taciturn   adj.

Def:  silent, quiet, introverted

List 2 taciturn people you know.  First names only.

 

 

7. irrefutable    adj.

Def: undeniable, having no argument against

List 3 irrefutable facts. 

   

 

8. cajole   vb.

Def:  coax, wheedle, nag

List 3 things you’ve cajoled your parents for in the last year.

 

 

9. iconoclast     n.

Def:  one who challenges the norm or standard

Sentence: Bill, ever the iconoclast, wore jeans and tennis shoes to his high school prom.

List 2 famous iconoclasts.

 

 

10. disseminate    vb.

Def:  to spread

Synonyms: broad_ _ _ _, dis _ _ _ b_ _ _, sca _ _ er

 

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Daily Spark          Week 8           

 

11. aloof   adj.

Def: haughty, standoffish, reserved

Sentence:

 

12. innate       adj.

Def:  inborn, acquired, naturally

Antonyms: lea _ n _ _,      reh _ _ r _ _ d

Sentence:  My snowboarding skills are a combination of innate ability and dedicated training.

 

13. placate   vb.

Def:  to calm, to appease

Synonyms: soo _ _ _,    pac _ _ y

In an attempt to placate my parents, I promised to finish my homework before I went to the movie with my friends.

 

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Daily Spark          Week 9         

 

14. fallacy      n.

Def:  false idea, mistaken belief, myth

List 2 common fallacies:

1.       You’ll catch a cold if you go outside with wet hair in the winter.

    2.

15.  magnanimous      adj.

Def:  noble, generous

Sentence:  In a magnanimous gesture, Bill Gates donated five million dollars to local high schools. 

Name 2 magnanimous people.

 

16. expedite                       vb.

Def:  to make faster, to make easier, to speed up 

Sentence:  To expedite the boarding process, please have your tickets ready.

 

17. salubrious          vb.

Def:  healthy, wholesome, beneficial to one’s health

List 2 salubrious actions.

1.       eat a hearty breakfast

   2.

  

18. elucidate            vb.

Def:  to make clear, to make lucid

Synonyms:  expl_ _ n  ,   cl _ _ _ f _ 

 

Draw a picture of Mr. T. trying to elucidate a difficult math problem for his students.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Daily Spark         Week 1         

 

1. evanescent      adj.

Def:  fleeting, momentary, short-lived

Sentence:  The evanescent mist over the city disappears each day after the sun rises.

 

2. negligible        adj.

Def:  of little importance, hardly noticeable

Synonyms:   in _ _ g _ _ fi _ an_,    t _ _ y

 

 

3. capitulate   vb.

Def:  to give up, to surrender

Sentence:

 

 

4. incessant   adj.

Def:  without end, persistent

Synonyms:  non _ _ _ p,  con_ _ _ _ _ _ s

 

 

5. utopia   n.

Def:  an ideal place, paradise

 

Write 3 to 5 sentences describing your own utopia.

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Daily Spark       Week 2     

 

6. lethargy  n.

Def:  laziness, tiredness

List 2 times when you’ve experienced lethargy.

     1.

     2.

 

7. fluctuate  vb.

Def: to change, to ebb and flow, to rise and fall

Sentence:  The temperature in Minnesota fluctuates a great deal; it ranges from 90 degrees above zero in the summer, to minus 30 degrees in the winter.

 

 

8. capricious   adj.

Def:  variable, unpredictable, changeable

Synonyms:  er _ _ t _ _,    wh _ m _ _ _ al

The capricious actress demanded a bowl of green lollipops in her dressing room, decided she didn’t want them, and then threw the bowl against the wall.

 

 

9. venerate    vb.

Def:  to revere, to honor

Sentence:

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Daily Spark      Week 3        

10. enigma     n.

Def:  a puzzle, a mystery

Sentence:  Baffled by the enigma of the missing socks Andy decided to call in the experts: Mom and Dad.

 

11. pompous     adj.

Def:  arrogant

Antonyms:  mo _ es _,    unas _ um _ _ _

Describe in 2 to 3 sentences how a pompous person might act.

12. zenith       n.

Def:  highest point, pinnacle

Synonyms: sum _ _ _,    a _ _ x

Describe the view from the zenith of a mountain. What would you see, hear, and smell?

 

13. clandestine  adj.

Def:  secret

Sentence: The government agent trained for years before he began his clandestine activities overseas.  List two clandestine activities this agent might be doing in his job.

 

14. fortuitous       adj.

Def: accidental, by chance, lucky

Sentence:  On her way to the gym, Jill made a fortuitous discovery:  a hundred dollar bill lying on the sidewalk.  List 2 fortuitous events that you’ve experienced.  

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  Daily Spark Week 4

15. propensity    n.

Def: preference, predisposition

Synonyms: incl _ n_ _ _ _ n,     tend _ _ _ _

Sentence:

 

16. sporadic    adj.

Def:  infrequent, intermittent, inconsistent

List two things you can do sporadically.

 

17. pragmatic    adj.

Def: practical, sensible, realistic

Sentence: Mrs. Matsumoto, always pragmatic, didn’t panic when the projector screen fell off the wall; she just stepped back and said, “Ouch!”

Name 2 things you’ve seen me do that demonstrate I’m a pragmatic person.

 

18. sycophant  n.

Def:  one who flatters

Sentence: Bill is such a sycophant. As student council president, all he does is kiss up to the principal and praise all of her decisions.  

List 2 things a sycophant might say to Mrs. Matsumoto

 

19. efface    vb.

Def: to wipe out, to destroy, to wear away

Sentence:

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