8th grade Daily Spark Vocabulary Words

Final Spark Word Quiz Wednesday May 29,  Weeks 26, 27, 28, and 29 below (18 words)

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Daily Spark              Week 26          

 

1. relic    n.

Def:  artifact, object relating to a saint or something holy

 

2. arbiter    n.

Def: a judge, a go-between, a moderator

Sentence: The arbiter worked with the two small business owners for many hours to help them work out their conflict.

 

3. stoic     adj.

Def:  showing little feeling, indifferent

Synonyms:  _ _ emo _ _ _ _al          a _ _ the _ _c

 

 

4. rescind   vb.

Def: to repeal

Synonyms:  can_ _ _    un _ _

 

5. maverick   n.

Def:  nonconformist

Sentence:  The maverick cop often caught criminals, but his refusal to listen to his superiors meant that he was never promoted.

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Daily Spark           Week 27            

 

6. circumlocution      n.

Def: evasive speaking or writing

Sentence:  John didn’t want to tell his parents the truth about his bad grades, so he resorted to circumlocution, telling them about all of his friends’ bad report cards.

 

7, vapid    adj.

Def:  dull, lifeless, bland

Sentence:

 

8. demagogue      n.

Def:  a leader who makes passionate speeches

Write only the words that describe the characteristics of a demagogue.

humble      charismatic     meek     passionate    compelling

 

9. admonish   vb.

Def: to kindly scold or warn

Sentence:

 

10. placid     adj.

Def:  peaceful, serene

Synonyms:    ca_ _      rel _ _ i _ _      soo _ _ ing

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Daily Spark             Week 28           

 

11. cumbersome     adj.

Def: awkward, burdensome

Write only the synonyms:

manageable,   unwieldy,    bulky,    weighty,    compact

 

12. unscathed      adj.

Def:  not harmed

Tom had a couple of close calls, but he ended up making it out of the battle unscathed.

 

13. tedious    adj.

Def:  boring, tiresome

List 2 activities you find tedious: 1)

                                       2)

 

14. skeptic     n.

Def:  one who doubts or questions

Write only the characteristics of a skeptic.

acceptance, cynicism, approval, disbelief, distrust, pessimism, optimism, openness

 

15. altruism     n.

Def:  selflessness

Name 2 acts of altruism you have heard about or seen recently.  1)

            2)                             

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Daily Spark           Week 29      

 

16. subtle        adj.

Def:  not obvious

Antonyms:  notice _ _ _ _        over _ _ at _ _

 

17.  thrifty      adj.

Def: careful with money, frugal

List 3 ways you can be thrifty during our tough economic times:   1)

          2)

          3)

 

18. antithesis   n.

Def:  direct opposite

Sentence:  With his brains and interest in classical music, Lou is the antithesis of the stereotypical jock.

 

 

Daily Spark Test  -   Wednesday May 29

 

 

 

 

Spark Word Test on Friday April 12.   Weeks 21- 25 below  (22 words)

 

March Daily Spark       Week 21      

 

1. temerity     n.

Def:  audacity, recklessness

Synonyms: Select and write just the synonyms.

     bold       rash       timid        coy

 

2. hackneyed        adj.

Def:  overused, trite

Write 2 hackneyed phrases or sentences that you hear people overuse.

 

 

3. voluminous      adj.

Def:  having large volume or size

List 2 voluminous books.

 

 

4. lope    vb.

Def: to move with a steady gait

Sentence:

 

Daily Spark         Week 22    

5. undulate   vb.

Def: to move in a wavelike motion

Sentence:  The Atlantic Ocean’s waves undulated across many miles.

 

 

6. supercilious    adj.

Def:  prideful, arrogant, haughty

Antonyms:    hum _ _ _       m _ _ k

 

 

7. infamy    n.

Def:  notoriety, evil reputation

Sentence:

 

8. esoteric  adj.

Def:  understood only by a certain few, obscure

Sentence:  The professor’s esoteric remarks on the meaning of life left his students confused.

 

 

9. imminent  adj.

Def:  about to happen

List 3 imminent events in your life.

 

Daily Spark     Week 23     

 

10. clemency    n.

Def:  mercy

Synonyms:    len _ _ _ cy      com _ _ _ _ ion

 

11. amicable    adj.

Def: agreeable, polite, cordial

Sentence:

 

 

12. anachronism    n.

Def:  something incorrectly present in a time period

Sentence:  The author included an interesting anachronism in his novel:  hanging above the fireplace in the knight’s castle was a flat screen television.

 

 

13. prodigal     adj.

Def:  spending wildly or in excess

Synonyms:  ext _ _ _ _ g _ _ _          was _ _ f _ _

 

 

14. vindicate   vb.

Def:  to clear from guilt, to prove right or correct

Sentence:

 

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Daily Spark         Week 24     

 

15. formidable  adj.

Def:  causing fear or respect, difficult

Sentence:  With her surprising strength and her mastery of karate, Lizzy made a formidable opponent.

 

16. meander  vb.

Def: to follow a winding course, to wander

Synonyms:    ra _ _ _ e       r _ v _

 

 

17. dubious   adj.

Def:  causing doubt, questionable, unsure

Antonyms:  cer _ _ _ _        s _ _ e

 

18. prescient adj.

Def: having knowledge of the future

Sentence:  The fortuneteller at the carnival was either prescient or extremely lucky when she predicted that I would win the lottery; I just sent her a check for $1,000 from my winnings.

 

19. debacle    n.

Def:  disaster, calamity

Synonyms:   tra _ _ d _      fia _ _ o

 

 

Daily Spark             Week 25       

 

20. gesticulate    vb.

Def:  to gesture

Sentence:  I couldn’t hear the couple across the street, but it was clear from their angry gesticulations that they were having an argument.

 

21. vestige    n.

Def:  remains or trace of something

Sentence:  Josh held on to a few vestiges of his relationship with Susan, including a dried rose and a faded photograph.

 

 

22. ogle   vb.

Def:  to stare, or to stare flirtatiously

 

 

 

 

Spark word test on Weeks 14-16 below (13 words) on Friday Feb. 8

Daily Spark       Week 14   

 

1. deprecate     vb.

Def:  to disapprove, to denounce

List 3 behaviors that are deprecated in the classroom.

 

2. morose   adj.

Def:  gloomy, down in the dups, depressed

Antonyms:  ela_ _ _         es_ _ t _ _        ju _ _ lan _

 

3. arduous   adj.

Def: difficult, strenuous

Synonyns:  gru _ _ ing           la _ _ rio _ _

List 2 arduous tasks you’ve done in the last year.

   1) snow shoveling

   2)

 

4. astute  adj.

Def: perceptive, shrewd

Name two characteristics of an astute person

    1) observant

    2)

 

 

5. superficial   adj.

Def: shallow, external

Describe a superficial person in three sentences

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Daily Spark      Week 15      

6. nonchalant   adj.

Def:  casual, careless, informal

Greg’s casual dress (shorts, Hawaiian shirt, and flip-flops) perfectly matches his nonchalant attitude.

 

7. catharsis     n.

Def: a cleansing or purging experience

Sentence:  Laughter is a wonderful catharsis for life’s little problems.

 

8. prodigious   adj.

Def: extraordinary, remarkable

Sentence:

 

9. nullify    vb.

Def:  to cancel, to undo

The election results were nullified when it was discovered that many voting machines were working improperly.

 

10. zealot     n.

Def:  fanatic

Sentence:  The crazed zealot paraded through the streets waving a sign that read “The End is Near!”

 

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Daily Spark        Week 16      

 

11. ostensible     adj.

Def: apparent, seeming

Synonyms:  supp _ _ _ _      per_ _ _ _ _

 

12. hyperbole   n.

Def:  exaggeration, overstatement

Write a sentence about the school cafeteria using hyperbole.

 

13. requisite   n.

Def:  requirement, necessity

List 3 requisites for getting an A in lang. arts

 

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Spark Word Quiz Monday Dec. 10 on weeks 11- 13 below (words 1-14)

 

Daily Spark   Week 11     

1. dulcet      adj.

Def:  Having a soothing, pleasant, or melodious sound

List 3 dulcet sounds: 1) birds chirping

                        2)

                        3)

2. augment      vb.

Def:  to enhance, to enlarge

Synonyms:  supp _ _ _ _ nt,    in _ re _ _ _

Sentence:  Bill augmented his baseball card collection with three new Twins’ cards.

 

 

3. paltry        adj.

Def:  measly, trivial, a small amount

Sentence:

 

4. judicious        adj.

Def:  wise, showing good judgment

Synonyms:  shr _ _ _ ,      pr _ d _ _ t

Write two or three sentences about a judicious decision you made.

 

5. perfunctory  adj.

Def:  dutiful, lacking enthusiasm

List 2 jobs, tasks, chores, or assignments you perform in a perfunctory manner:  1) washing dishes

                         2)

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Daily Spark   Week 12     

                        

6. winsome     adj.

Def:  charming

Antonyms:  rev_ _ t _ _ _ , obn _ _ _ _ _ s

 

 

7. homogeneous    adj

Def: of the same kind or type

Synonyms:  uni _ _ _ ,   id _ _ _ i _ _ _   

 

 

8. omnivorous    adj.

Def:  having a diet of both plants and animals

Name 2 omnivorous animals

 

 

 

9. latent      adj.

Def: hidden, yet to be discovered

Sentence:  

 

10. quixotic      adj.

Def:  idealistic

Sentence:  Steve’s quixotic pursuit of an Olympic gold medal required ten hours a day of hard training.

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Daily Spark     Week 13     

 

11. charlatan       n.

Def: a fraud, an imposter

List 2 charlatans you’ve seen on tv or read about in books.

 

12. tangible    adj.

Def:  able to be touched, concrete

From Latin tang/tact meaning touch

List 3 tangible rewards for a good report card:

  1) DQ Blizzard

  2)

  3)

 

13. stagnant    adj.

Def:  not moving or flowing, inactive

Sentence:

 

14. burgeon     vb.

Def: to bloom, to grow, to do well

 

Sentence:  After three weeks of fertilizing, my plant started to burgeon.

 

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 Daily Spark  November Quiz on Weeks 6, 7, 8,  and 9 below on Monday November 12

Daily Spark               Week 6       

 

1. acquiesce     vb.

Def:  to comply, to give in

Synonyms: agr_ _  ,        su _ _ it

List 2 things you’ve acquiesced to in the last few months.

 

2. partisan     adj.

Def:  biased, showing favoritism

Antonyms: neu _ r _ _ ,     imp_ _ t _ _ l

Explain partisan politics in a sentence or two.

 

3. candid     adj.

Def:  open, honest, frank

List 2 situations in which being candid could be good, and then list 2 situations in which being candid could be bad.

 

4. parochial      adj.

Def: narrow-minded, relating to a church or parish

Sentence: After years of living a sophisticated, liberal life in New York City, Bill found his parents’ new, small town, rural living to be unbearably parochial.

 

5. rhetoric   n.

Def:  speech, speech or language that is inflated or embellished

Synonyms: or_ t _ _ y,   prop _ _ _ _ _a

Sentence:

Daily Spark         Week 7          Oct. 8 - 12

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Daily Spark                      Week 7               

6. taciturn   adj.

Def:  silent, quiet, introverted

List 2 taciturn people you know.  First names only.

 

 

7. irrefutable    adj.

Def: undeniable, having no argument against

List 3 irrefutable facts. 

   

 

8. cajole   vb.

Def:  coax, wheedle, nag

List 3 things you’ve cajoled your parents for in the last year.

 

 

9. iconoclast     n.

Def:  one who challenges the norm or standard

Sentence: Bill, ever the iconoclast, wore jeans and tennis shoes to his high school prom.

List 2 famous iconoclasts.

 

 

10. disseminate    vb.

Def:  to spread

Synonyms: broad_ _ _ _, dis _ _ _ b_ _ _, sca _ _ er

 

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Daily Spark          Week 8           

 

11. aloof   adj.

Def: haughty, standoffish, reserved

Sentence:

 

12. innate       adj.

Def:  inborn, acquired, naturally

Antonyms: lea _ n _ _,      reh _ _ r _ _ d

Sentence:  My snowboarding skills are a combination of innate ability and dedicated training.

 

13. placate   vb.

Def:  to calm, to appease

Synonyms: soo _ _ _,    pac _ _ y

In an attempt to placate my parents, I promised to finish my homework before I went to the movie with my friends.

 

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Daily Spark          Week 9         

 

14. fallacy      n.

Def:  false idea, mistaken belief, myth

List 2 common fallacies:

1.       You’ll catch a cold if you go outside with wet hair in the winter.

    2.

15.  magnanimous      adj.

Def:  noble, generous

Sentence:  In a magnanimous gesture, Bill Gates donated five million dollars to local high schools. 

Name 2 magnanimous people.

 

16. expedite                       vb.

Def:  to make faster, to make easier, to speed up 

Sentence:  To expedite the boarding process, please have your tickets ready.

 

17. salubrious          vb.

Def:  healthy, wholesome, beneficial to one’s health

List 2 salubrious actions.

1.       eat a hearty breakfast

   2.

  

18. elucidate            vb.

Def:  to make clear, to make lucid

Synonyms:  expl_ _ n  ,   cl _ _ _ f _ 

 

Draw a picture of Mr. T. trying to elucidate a difficult math problem for his students.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Daily Spark         Week 1         

 

1. evanescent      adj.

Def:  fleeting, momentary, short-lived

Sentence:  The evanescent mist over the city disappears each day after the sun rises.

 

2. negligible        adj.

Def:  of little importance, hardly noticeable

Synonyms:   in _ _ g _ _ fi _ an_,    t _ _ y

 

 

3. capitulate   vb.

Def:  to give up, to surrender

Sentence:

 

 

4. incessant   adj.

Def:  without end, persistent

Synonyms:  non _ _ _ p,  con_ _ _ _ _ _ s

 

 

5. utopia   n.

Def:  an ideal place, paradise

 

Write 3 to 5 sentences describing your own utopia.

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Daily Spark       Week 2     

 

6. lethargy  n.

Def:  laziness, tiredness

List 2 times when you’ve experienced lethargy.

     1.

     2.

 

7. fluctuate  vb.

Def: to change, to ebb and flow, to rise and fall

Sentence:  The temperature in Minnesota fluctuates a great deal; it ranges from 90 degrees above zero in the summer, to minus 30 degrees in the winter.

 

 

8. capricious   adj.

Def:  variable, unpredictable, changeable

Synonyms:  er _ _ t _ _,    wh _ m _ _ _ al

The capricious actress demanded a bowl of green lollipops in her dressing room, decided she didn’t want them, and then threw the bowl against the wall.

 

 

9. venerate    vb.

Def:  to revere, to honor

Sentence:

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Daily Spark      Week 3        

10. enigma     n.

Def:  a puzzle, a mystery

Sentence:  Baffled by the enigma of the missing socks Andy decided to call in the experts: Mom and Dad.

 

11. pompous     adj.

Def:  arrogant

Antonyms:  mo _ es _,    unas _ um _ _ _

Describe in 2 to 3 sentences how a pompous person might act.

12. zenith       n.

Def:  highest point, pinnacle

Synonyms: sum _ _ _,    a _ _ x

Describe the view from the zenith of a mountain. What would you see, hear, and smell?

 

13. clandestine  adj.

Def:  secret

Sentence: The government agent trained for years before he began his clandestine activities overseas.  List two clandestine activities this agent might be doing in his job.

 

14. fortuitous       adj.

Def: accidental, by chance, lucky

Sentence:  On her way to the gym, Jill made a fortuitous discovery:  a hundred dollar bill lying on the sidewalk.  List 2 fortuitous events that you’ve experienced.  

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  Daily Spark Week 4

15. propensity    n.

Def: preference, predisposition

Synonyms: incl _ n_ _ _ _ n,     tend _ _ _ _

Sentence:

 

16. sporadic    adj.

Def:  infrequent, intermittent, inconsistent

List two things you can do sporadically.

 

17. pragmatic    adj.

Def: practical, sensible, realistic

Sentence: Mrs. Matsumoto, always pragmatic, didn’t panic when the projector screen fell off the wall; she just stepped back and said, “Ouch!”

Name 2 things you’ve seen me do that demonstrate I’m a pragmatic person.

 

18. sycophant  n.

Def:  one who flatters

Sentence: Bill is such a sycophant. As student council president, all he does is kiss up to the principal and praise all of her decisions.  

List 2 things a sycophant might say to Mrs. Matsumoto

 

19. efface    vb.

Def: to wipe out, to destroy, to wear away

Sentence:

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